Fundamentals of Nursing


It presents concepts and skills that lay the foundation for entry into the nursing profession. Due to the university’s intention to fulfill the community’s accelerating demands in a variety of sectors and for the development and management of programs required to meet users’ needs, the foundation was established in the academic year 2012–2013. This course serves as a base for other nursing courses. It is designed to provide nursing students with the basic nursing concepts and principles needed for practicing nursing. The course emphasizes the nature of the client’s needs and the interventions required to utilize the patterns of functional health. This course provides clinically guided experiences that help the nursing student integrate basic nursing concepts into practice. It also enables her or him to perform nursing activities safely.


The department believes that the student is the most important pillar in the university, so it is always trying to take care of the aimed ideas; it also contributes to the refinement of all the professional skills needed to provide employment opportunities for students, whether locally or regionally.

Department Vision:

The vision of the Department of the Fundamentals of Nursing is to be the center of excellence in preparing basic, professionally competent nurses with the capability of delivering compassionate patient care in different specialties.

Department Mission:

The mission of the Fundamentals of Nursing Department is to prepare competent primary stage nurses who are able to meet the health care needs of society within the international standards of nursing education by providing efficient, safe, and competent nursing care.

Learning Outcomes:

Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to:

  1. Recognize the principle underlying all nursing intervention procedures related to providing operative care to clients in adult nursing care.
  2. Apply a systematic approach to analyzing the patient’s problems related to pre- and post-operative care.
  3. Utilize a systematic approach to analyzing the problems.
  4. Perform basic nursing skills related to various client conditions.
  5. Utilize principles of medical and surgical asepsis and universal precautions in operative care.
  6. Utilize an understanding of the conceptual foundations of nursing; nursing process, critical thinking, and holistic care, as they apply to the nursing role in the care of patients with common health disturbances.
  7. Recognize how facts and principles from physical, biological, social, and behavioral sciences are applied to planning care for individuals across the life span.
  8. Apply selected health promotion concepts to the care of patients from diverse backgrounds in various health care settings.
  9. Use therapeutic and professional communication techniques in the clinical setting.
  10. Provide basic nursing care for patients using facts and principles from the physical, biological, social, and behavioral sciences.
  11. Distinguish between personal and professional values and legal and ethical responsibilities in practice.
  12. Follow standard safety and infection control measures to perform nursing skills correctly in the skills practice laboratory.



  1. Hygiene skills
  2. Transmission-based and standard precautions
  3. Safe patient handling and body mechanics
  4. Moving, positioning, and transferring patients
  5. Conduct and document an adult health assessment with vital signs.
  6. Oxygen therapy
  7. Medication administration and drug dose calculation. Parenteral (IM, Sub-Q, ID) and non-parenteral
  8. IV cannula, fluid, and electrolyte
  9. Wound care and dressing
  • Wound care closure
  • Specimen collection: urine, stool, sputum, and fingerstick blood glucose
  • Health record documentation

Study Methods:

  • Lecture (PowerPoint presentation, discussion, and role play )
  • Skill Lab Practice (practice and video )
  • Clinical practice
  • Skills practice lab with patient scenario simulation
  • Assignment: Community-Based Project


The language of instruction at the fundamentals department is English for all courses.


The duration of study at the ITD is one academic year of full-time study.

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